SMEs established in the Brussels-Capital Region which turn to an external body for a training action can obtain aid within the scope of the Brussels legislation concerning aid to companies.
Level of competence
This aid is reserved for self-employed individuals, micro, small and medium-sized enterprises that exercise an economic activity in the territory of the Brussels-Capital Region, as long as they form part of the activities sectors allowed.
To determine the size of the enterprise, 3 factors must be taken into account:
- The staff, which means the number of full-time equivalent employees (FTEs);
- the turnover or the total of the balance sheet;
- any links the enterprise has with other companies.
Turnover or total on the balance sheet**
≤ 2 million €
≤ 2 million €
≤ 10 million €
≤ 10 million €
≤ 50 million €
≤ 43 million €
*To go from one category to another, it is necessary for one of the thresholds to be exceeded during two consecutive accounting periods.
**An enterprise can choose to conform to either the turnover threshold or to the balance sheet threshold.
Please note: if the enterprise belongs, even partially (25% or more), to a group, it will be taken into account to establish its real size. The same is true if the company holds company shares or voting rights in another enterprise.
A distinction is made between 3 types of enterprises:
The autonomous enterprise
An enterprise is autonomous if:
- it is totally independent; in other words if it does not hold any interest in other enterprises and no enterprise owns an interest in it;
- it holds a interest of less than 25% of the capital or the voting rights (the higher of the two factors) of one or more other enterprises and/or third parties do not hold a interest of 25% or more of its capital or voting rights (the higher of the two factors).
If the enterprise is autonomous, it is neither a partner nor linked with another enterprise.
The partner enterprise
This type of relationship describes the situation of enterprises that establish major financial partnerships with other enterprises, with one company exercising real direct or indirect control over the other. The partners are enterprises which are neither autonomous nor linked with each other.
An enterprise is a partner if:
- it holds an interest equal to or higher than 25% of the capital or the voting rights of another enterprise and/or another enterprise holds a interest equal to or higher than 25% of it;
- it is not linked with another enterprise. This means in particular that the voting rights in the other enterprise (or vice versa) do not exceed 50%.
The linked enterprise
This type of relationship corresponds to the economic situation of enterprises that constitute a group through the direct or indirect control of the majority of the voting rights of one enterprise by another or by the ability to exercise a dominant influence on an enterprise. Such cases are therefore less frequent than the first two categories.
Two enterprises or more are linked when they maintain one of the following relationships:
- one enterprise holds the majority of voting rights of shareholders or partners of another enterprise;
- one enterprise has the right to appoint or to dismiss the majority of the members of the administrative body, the management or the supervision of another enterprise;
- one enterprise has the right to exercise a dominant influence on another by virtue of a contract concluded with it or a clause of its Articles of Association;
- one enterprise is in a position, by virtue of an agreement, to control the majority of the voting rights of shareholders or partners of another enterprise alone.
A wholly-owned subsidiary is a typical example of a linked enterprise.
The companies, bodies, institutions or external groups (the consultants) contributing the training actions must meet the following 4 conditions:
- be independent of your enterprise;
- be specialised in the subject matter concerned;
- have a minimum of two years of professional experience*.
- supply a list of references
*The experience of the consultant is calculated on a personal basis.
The minimum admissible amount of the training is 1,000€
The following sectors are excluded:
- agriculture, forestry and fishing;
- the extractive industries - the energy sectors (19.100), synthetic fibres (20.600), steel industry (24.100), ship construction (30.110+30.120+33.150) in the manufacturing industry;
- the activities of notaries;
- the activities of bailiffs (69.103);
- public administrations and defence - compulsory social security;
- human health and social welfare action with the exception of day nurseries and day care centres for children (88.911 + 88.912 + 88.919) and enterprises of sheltered work (88.104 + 88.109 + 88 992 + 88.995);
- the activities of associative organisations (94) in the sectors of service activities;
- the arts, shows and recreational activities except if the purpose is commercial;
- the activities of households as employers, undifferentiated activities of households as producers of goods and services for their own use;
- the activities of extra-territorial bodies.
The number of training actions submitted is limited to three per calendar year.
A contribution of 50% can be obtained both for group training courses and for language training.
These are training courses given by external bodies. They must have an exceptional or urgent nature and aim at improving the operation or the competitiveness, to the exclusion of problems of daily, habitual or recurrent management of the enterprise. Training courses on the basic knowledge connected with the enterprise's activity are ruled out.
The contribution has a ceiling of 5,000 €.
The enterprise may no longer benefit from aid if the training follows an investment (for example, the purchase of a machine).
As a general rule, the costs of lodging, travel and meals are also excluded.
The application for aid must be submitted within 30 calendar days to be counted from the beginning of the training. It must include:
- the form-type of request;
- a copy of the offer, the invoice or the enrolment in the training;
- the list of references of the body which is dispensing the training as well as a CV or a presentation booklet;
- a document covering all the aid obtained by the enterprise in the course of the last three business years*.
*De minimis aid obtained from any subsidising authority during the business year concerned and the two preceding business years. The "de minimis" nature of the aid is indicated on the decision-making sheet granting financial aid.
- Ministry of the Brussels-Capital Region (Department for aid to enterprises)
- Ministry of the Brussels-Capital Region (Administration of the economy and employment)
- Sectors allowed
- Organic ordinance Promotion of economic expansion
- Decree of the Government of Brussels: Definition of SME
- Decree supervision and transmission
- Information brochure